How grizzly bears have learned to live with humans

Bears shifted their behaviour to be more nocturnal and avoid people, study found

Sherry Noik · CBC News · Posted: Jul 06, 2020 3:00 PM ET | Last Updated: 9 hours ago

Grizzly bears in Canada have developed an adaptation behaviour that lets them continue living near humans yet reduce their interaction with us, according to decades of research into their behaviour.

In areas where bears and humans coexist, there are often policies in place to protect bear populations while safe-guarding people’s lives. But it turns out the bears are also helping their own cause.

A team of researchers from B.C. and Alberta pooled data on the movements, habitat use and mortality rates of 2,669 grizzly bears over 41 years to examine how they survived when living in or near human-dominated areas.

The researchers found that even as humans encroached further and further into the animals’ habitats, the bears didn’t necessarily shy away from people, but instead gradually shifted their behaviour to become more active at night, when they would be less likely to come into contact with them.

The data was compiled from an area of 378,191 square kilometres predominantly in B.C., which has an estimated 15,000 grizzlies — more than half of Canada’s grizzly bear population.

The research was published Monday in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Better survival by becoming nocturnal

Typically, bears in the wilderness spend about half their time in daylight and half under cover of darkness, said study co-author Clayton T. Lamb, who is affiliated with the University of Alberta, the University of British Columbia and the University of Montana.

But by increasing their “nocturnality” by two to three per cent each year, bears living in “coexistence landscapes” — in proximity to people — also increased their survival rate by two to three per cent per year. This led the researchers to conclude that the shift to more nighttime activity was induced by humans. 

The older the bears got, the more nocturnal they became, starting from the age of three onward, to the point where the bears observed in the study reached at least 60 per cent nocturnality, and most of them 70 per cent or more.

Younger bears and those that didn’t adopt the behaviour didn’t do as well.

“If you could learn to live there, you could do OK,” Lamb said in an interview. “A lot of bears don’t switch fast enough and they end up dying.”

Three grizzly bears are captured on a motion sensor camera feasting on an animal left in an open roadkill pit in B.C. (Clayton T. Lamb )

Grizzlies are “integral” to maintaining a healthy ecosystem, the B.C. government says. But their survival is at risk, according to both the provincial Conservation Data Centre and the federal Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC).

The biggest threat to bears? People.

B.C. banned grizzly bear hunting in 2017. In the decades prior to that, the province’s statistics found an average of 340 grizzly bears died from “human causes” each year — most killed by hunters, but about 30 were killed by animal control as a result of conflicts with humans.

Better for bears, better for humans

This shift to nocturnal behaviour is not only better for the bears, it’s better for humans, because it reduced the number of conflicts between the species, the study said.

Looking at the records of conflicts with 45 individual bears who were fitted with GPS collars, the researchers found there was about a 71 per cent lower chance of conflict with one of them at least once a year if the bears were more active at night than during the day.

“There’s more conflict where there’s more people, obviously,” Lamb said. “But bears that were more nocturnal were always in less conflict, regardless of how close they were to people. 

“Bears are helping to shape that landscape to benefit themselves.”

Nonetheless, bears are still on the losing side of the equation. 

Even though a majority of adult female bears in the area have become more nocturnal and are breeding successfully, they are dying in numbers too high to maintain their population.

For every bear that becomes a successful “coexister,” 29 die prematurely, the research found. They have to rely on “immigrant” bears from nearby wilderness areas to keep thriving.

This isn’t the first time animals have been observed shifting their schedules. A 2018 analysis of dozens of studies covering 62 species, including brown and black bears, found animals increased their nocturnality “in response to human disturbance.” 

But Lamb said the four decades of research on bears brings the whole picture into focus: the extent of the risk they face from living near people, the adaptation that helps them survive and the need for “demographic rescue” via bear immigration to sustain their numbers. 

“The next steps in all this research is really the applied aspect — what can we do with this information to make the landscape work better for people and carnivores,” Lamb saidhttps://www.cbc.ca/news/technology/bears-become-more-nocturnal-to-survive-1.5636570

Michael Moore Embraces the Overpopulation Fallacy [” “]

Robert Zubrin

National Review

NRPLUS MEMBER ARTICLE M ichael Moore and Jeff Gibbs have released a new movie. Entitled “Planet of the Humans,” the film examines the question of whether “green energy” can “save the planet” from global warming. Their answer is an unequivocal “no.” Instead, a more effective final solution is needed for the human problem.

Planet of the Humans has been received warmly by many on the right, and coldly by much of the left, because it forcefully attacks wind, solar, and especially biomass as false solutions to the energy needs of industrial civilization. The film is replete with images of giant solar energy projects built a few years ago with much hullabaloo at taxpayer expense now lying around as fields of junk, rusting broken wind turbines, and devastated forests. It does not hesitate to show how pitiful the energy yields and CO2 emission reductions from such projects have been. It is merciless in portraying Al Gore, Bill McKibben, the Sierra Club, and other noteworthy green energy promoters as profiteers, scamming the public while destroying the environment for personal greed. As a cinematic hit job on the green-energy movement, it is without peer.

That said, Planet of the Humans stands among the most perverse movies ever made, one that should not be touched by conservatives with a ten-foot pole. Green energy cannot sustain industrial civilization, Moore says. Therefore, he says, industrial civilization should not be sustained.

Moore and Gibbs affect concern for the forests that are being incinerated to produce electricity. Yet they express no interest whatsoever in well-proven technologies that make such destruction unnecessary. For example, a single 1000 MWe nuclear power plant produces about 100,000 terajoules (TJ) per year of thermal energy, saving about a million tons of dry wood from combustion. In 2019, the U.S. had the electricity-generation equivalent of 93 such nuclear plants, 182 natural gas-fired plants, 111 coal-fired plants, 22 oil-fired plants, and 32 hydroelectric stations. Collectively, this amounts to a savings of 440 million tons of wood per year, or about 90 times as much wood as actually is being burned.

More: https://news.yahoo.com/michael-moore-embraces-overpopulation-fallacy-103042176.html


also: https://www.commondreams.org/views/2020/04/30/whats-michael-moores-actual-agenda

Three mountain lions killed after they ate human remains near a popular hiking trail in Arizona

Mountain lions, like this one pictured on the US Forest Service website, are not known for consuming human flesh.

(CNN)Officials in Arizona killed three mountain lions who ate human remains close to a popular hiking trail.

The Pima County Sheriff’s Department discovered the human remains Tuesday during an investigation at Pima Canyon Trail near Tucson and closed the trail, the department said. The Arizona Game & Fish Department said in a statement Wednesday the lions were killed overnight.
The mountain lions are not suspected of killing the victim, Game & Fish officials said. Authorities are trying to determine what happened on the trail, the sheriff’s department said.
“Mountain lions are not routinely scavengers. A mountain lion eating human remains is abnormal behavior. Those that do are more likely to attack a human being in the future,” Game & Fish Department Regional Supervisor Raul Vega said in a statement provided to CNN affiliate KGUN.
Vega added: “In addition, they did so 50 yards from a popular hiking trail and within sight of homes, and repeatedly showed no fear of responding officers.”
He said the mountain lions “were a clear and present danger to public safety.”
The mountain lions are being preserved as possible evidence in the death investigation, officials said.
An autopsy for the victim is scheduled for Thursday.

Five bears killed after coming too close to elementary school in Penticton, B.C.

Animals drew dozens of complaints since the summer, says conservation officer

These five bears travelled together in a pack in the Okanagan city of Penticton, B.C., before being put down by conservation officers on Thursday. (Submitted by Tobe Sprado/Conservation Officer Service)
comments

Five bears were destroyed by conservation officers in Penticton, B.C., Thursday after the group ventured too close to an elementary school.

Tobe Sprado, an inspector for the Okanagan region with the B.C. Conservation Officer Service, says the service has received 44 complaints about these particular bears since August.

“We were hoping that we’re going to be able to coexist with these bears,” Sprado said. “But things had escalated over that period of time.”

Sprado said the bears were attracted to garbage and fruit, and were starting to cause property damage.

On Wednesday afternoon, things escalated after one of the bears charged a person out walking.

“That [was] an aggressive behaviour that definitely put these bears more on our radar,” Sprado said.

“Then when they entered into the vicinity of the elementary school, we ended up making the decision to put down all five bears.”

The children and teachers were kept inside until the bears were shot dead.

Bears can cause problems in towns and cities as they look for food to eat before winter hibernation. (Submitted by Rachel Rowbottom)

Unusual grouping

Sprado said the bears would travel together in a pack, unusual for black bears. The group comprised three adult male bears and two females who were sub-adults.

“It wasn’t your typical sow with the cubs at all … [it’s] a bit of an anomaly from what we’re used to dealing with,” he said. “They could be a bunch of siblings.”

Sprado said his team was emotionally drained and frustrated by the turn of events.

It comes a little over a week after six bears were shot in the space of three days in the area of Lake Okanagan Resort northwest of Kelowna. In that case, the bears were eating garbage that hadn’t properly been secured and had lost their fear of humans.

An undisclosed company near Kelowna was fined $230 and ordered to improve the way it stores its garbage.

Sprado implored people to safely secure bear attractants like garbage, fruit, as well as pet food, bird feeders, barbecues and compost.

Fossil ‘mother lode’ records Earth-shaking asteroid’s impact: study

AFP.

Washington (AFP) – Scientists in the US say they have discovered the fossilized remains of a mass of creatures that died minutes after a huge asteroid slammed into the Earth 66 million years ago, sealing the fate of the dinosaurs.

In a paper to be published Monday, a team of paleontologists headquartered at the University of Kansas say they found a “mother lode of exquisitely preserved animal and fish fossils” in what is now North Dakota.

The asteroid’s impact in what is now Mexico was the most cataclysmic event ever known to befall Earth, eradicating 75 percent of the planet’s animal and plant species, extinguishing the dinosaurs and paving the way for the rise of humans.

Researchers believe the impact set off fast-moving, seismic surges that triggered a sudden, massive torrent of water and debris from an arm of an inland sea known as the Western Interior Seaway.

At the Tanis site in North Dakota’s Hell Creek Formation, the surge left “a tangled mass of freshwater fish, terrestrial vertebrates, trees, branches, logs, marine ammonites and other marine creatures,” according to Robert DePalma, the report’s lead author.

Some of the fish fossils were found to have inhaled “ejecta” associated with the Chicxulub event, suggesting seismic surges reached North Dakota within “tens of minutes,” he said.

“The sedimentation happened so quickly everything is preserved in three dimensions — they’re not crushed,” said co-author David Burnham.

“It’s like an avalanche that collapses almost like a liquid, then sets like concrete. They were killed pretty suddenly because of the violence of that water. We have one fish that hit a tree and was broken in half.”

The fossils at Tanis include what were believed to be several newly identified fish species, and others that were “the best examples of their kind,” said DePalma, a graduate student and curator of the Palm Beach Museum of Natural History in Florida.

“We look at moment-by-moment records of one of the most notable impact events in Earth’s history. No other site has a record quite like that,” he said.

“And this particular event is tied directly to all of us — to every mammal on Earth, in fact. Because this is essentially where we inherited the planet. Nothing was the same after that impact. It became a planet of mammals rather than a planet of dinosaurs.”

The paper is to be published in the Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences.

Faith activists urge UN Environment Assembly to address human side of climate change

A man pedals past an art installation of a boat made from plastic waste during the United Nations Environment Assembly in Nairobi, Kenya, on March 15, 2019. RNS photo by Fredrick Nzwili

NAIROBI, Kenya (RNS) — At a small tent on the edge of the U.N. campus here, environmental activists from the world’s faith traditions huddled on the sidelines of last week’s March 11-15 meeting of some 5,000 environmental scientists, politicians and civil society, the fourth gathering of the United Nations Environment Assembly.

As the official delegates discussed current environmental challenges, sustainable consumption and production, the faith leaders, who joined the assembly for the first time in a U.N.-sponsored event called “Faith for Earth Dialogue,” talked about what religion’s role is in environmental protection.

“Religious leaders have a unique role to play in promoting ecological sustainability, especially because 85 percent of the (world’s) people are affiliated with a religion,” said Rabbi Yonatan Neril, who is the founder and executive director of the Interfaith Center for Sustainable Development in Jerusalem and attended the event.

The faith-based group unexpectedly served as a spiritual presence after the Ethiopian Airlines crash, which particularly affected the U.N.’s offices in Nairobi, a hub of the international aid community that lost several members in the disaster.

The assembly, which represented more than 170 United Nations member states, said it had delivered a bold blueprint for change that directs a radical shift in the approach to tackling environmental challenges.

The group also agreed on a series of non-binding resolutions, key among them a proposal to protect oceans and fragile ecosystems.

But those attending the Faith for Earth Dialogue urged the U.N. to recognize the growing religious wave of concern and called for dramatic steps while saying that enough was not being done to address climate change and related environmental challenges.

The Rev. Fletcher Harper, left, addresses panelists during the U.N.-sponsored event called “Faith for Earth Dialogue” at the U.N. Environment Assembly in Nairobi, Kenya, on March 15, 2019. RNS photo by Fredrick Nzwili

“There should be no mistake that more and more religious communities are clear that we face a clear emergency,” said the Rev. Fletcher Harper, the executive director of GreenFaith, an American interfaith coalition for the environment.

“We need a stronger representation of values, combined with science, to underlie the policies of the world in relationship to the environment,” said Harper.

At the same time, Harper said, it was not easy for intergovernmental bodies like the U.N. to integrate faith voices because their audiences are nation states, for whom religion can be a complicated subject.

The world’s religions can look for ways to change their own cultures to make faith itself more sustainable, said Neril.


RELATED: Clergy divided as Kenya moves to save forest, evict 40,000 settlers


“Meat in particular has a disproportional impact on climate change because cows emit methane from their digestive systems,” said the rabbi. Changing diets can be difficult, but religious teaching can have a powerful effect on what we put in our mouths and can support compassion toward animals.

Rev. Joshtrom Isaac Kureethadam, coordinator of the Sector on “Ecology and Creation” at the Vatican Dicastery for Promoting Integral Human Development, said he took hope from the increasing spiritual response to climate change, including the indigenous communities around the world who view themselves as the protectors of the land or planet.

He cited climate change as one reason Pope Francis has called a special synod for October of this year of Roman Catholic bishops from the Pan-Amazonian region.

“He (Pope Francis) believes at the period of planetary emergency, the answer can come from these people, who have defended our common home for thousands of years. We can learn from their indigenous wisdom,” said the priest. “It is a time when the whole world will sit at the feet of the indigenous people and learn from them to take care of our common home.”

Experts say tropical forests that are home to other indigenous groups in the Congo Basin, Asia and Central America also help regulate regional and international weather patterns.

Above all, the faith activists urged the U.N. delegations to the assembly to approach climate change as an urgent human problem as much as a scientific one.

Bright Mawudor, the deputy general secretary of the African Conference of Churches, said in a speech to her fellow faith leaders that climate change was the world’s common future. “It’s as real as the food that we eat or as the clothes we wear. We need to tackle it with urgency,” Mawudor said.

KEPCO HUNTERS CULL MILLIONS OF MAGPIES

이미지뷰
Magpie hunter Kim Jin-hwa takes aim at magpies perched on a utility pole with his air rifle Wednesday in Gongju, South Chungcheong. Since 2000, Korea’s largest utility company has been rewarding people for catching magpies, which are thought to be responsible for 20 to 30 power outages every year. [KIM SUNG-TAE]

GONGJU, South Chungcheong – On a quiet Wednesday morning in the city of Gongju, South Chungcheong, Kim Jin-hwa drove his SUV to a field near his house.

Taking an air rifle out of his car, Kim walked up to a utility pole where three magpies were roosting. After carefully taking aim, Kim pulled the trigger and one of the birds dropped to the ground.

By 11 a.m., Kim had over 50 dead magpies in his car.

Kim shot over 2,400 magpies in just two months this winter, culling the birds as they began building their nests.

He’s not hunting for sport, however. After every hunt, Kim takes the black-and-white birds to the Gongju office of the Korea Electric Power Corporation (Kepco), where he receives 6,000 won ($5.30) for each magpie shot.

“I’ve made 10 million won every winter for about 15 years by hunting magpie,” said Kim. For the rest of the year, Kim is a small business owner.

Kepco, Korea’s main utility company, began rewarding magpie hunters in 2000 in an attempt to tackle bird-related power outages. Kepco asks hunting associations to recommend expert huntsman, who are then granted appropriate gun licenses and access to firearms stored at police stations to shoot and kill the birds.

Although they have traditionally been a symbol of good luck in Korea, Kepco and domestic bird experts singled out magpies as the species of bird most responsible for electrical outages.

Magpies like to build their nests on treetops to avoid snakes and other predators, but overpopulation has pushed growing numbers to make their home on top of utility poles.

The problem is that their nesting materials, which can include things like fragments of metal wire, can short electric circuits and cause power failures.

“If there’s a short circuit it’ll activate a protective device and cause a power failure,” said an official from Kepco’s Gongju office. “Electrical accidents can result in huge damages even in a short time period.”

Magpies can be very hard to catch, however, as they are one of the most intelligent bird species.

“Magpies have the intelligence of a four or five-year old child,” said Cho Sam-rae, a bird expert and honorary professor of biology at Kongju National University. “They remember the outfits of people who have tried to harm them and try to avoid them later on.”

Kim agreed that catching magpie is a tricky business.

“It’s not easy to catch the birds because they can identify the people that carry guns from their behavior,” Kim explained.

Hunting accidents do occur as well. In October 2017, a hunter in Incheon, Gyeonggi misfired and shot the window of a bus. No one was injured.

Despite Kepco’s best efforts to control the magpie population, some experts are skeptical of the effectiveness of the solution.

While the number of magpie hunters has grown in the past few years, bird-related power outages have not declined at a corresponding speed.

There were 510 magpie hunters in 2017, significantly more than the 338 in 2014, but the number of bird-related outages since 2013 has remained unchanged at around 20 to 30 accidents every year.

Last July, Liberty Korea Party Rep. Kim Jung-hoon revealed Kepco had spent 8.795 billion won rewarding hunters for catching 2.151 million birds between 2008 and 2017 based on data he acquired from the company. Kim called for alternative solutions to the outage issue, suggesting stronger power lines and drone monitoring.

Animal rights activists have also argued killing birds does not solve the fundamental problem and that utility officials should find ways for people and wildlife to coexist.

For now, Kepco believes the hunt must go on.

“If we stop hunting magpies for just a year, they’ll overpopulate and electrical accidents will increase as well,” explained an official from the company. “We have no option but to have people hunt.”

BY KIM BANG-HYUN, KIM EUN-JIN [kim.eunjin1@joongang.co.kr]

Mountain lion shot and killed in Bismarck

Photo courtesy: MGN
 

UPDATE (10:53): According to Casey Anderson with North Dakota Game and Fish, the lion was a male between one and three years old, and weighed about 100 pounds. Anderson says the department will do a full health work-up on the animal. He says it’s an unfortunate situation when they have to kill one of the animals, but it is done because of public safety.

Anderson says they can’t determine if it’s the same mountain lion that was reported in north Bismarck in December.


A mountain lion has been shot and killed in Bismarck early this morning.

The Bismarck police department says they responded to a report of a mountain lion in the backyard of a residence around 5am this morning.

The department was able to follow the lion’s footprints through Zonta park, the municipal ball park and into Kiwanis park.

Police say they eventually found the lion and shot it.

The ND Game and Fish department have taken the mountain lion for testing.

Interagency talks continue on wildlife encounter protocols

County follows up on controversial wolf incident response

By Ann McCreary

Since they first made their presence in Washington known 10 years ago, gray wolves have been a source of controversy. When multiple agencies became involved in a recent encounter between wolves and a human, the result was confusion, frustration and mistrust.

Last month, a U.S. Forest Service employee who was working in a remote area of the Okanogan-Wenatchee National Forest encountered wolves. When the animals would not leave after she yelled and sprayed pepper spray at them, she climbed a tree and used a satellite phone to contact her supervisor. She was taken from the area by a helicopter that was dispatched to retrieve her.

By the time the incident was over — a period of about an hour — it involved the Okanogan County Sheriff’s Department, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS), Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW), the Forest Service Tonasket Ranger District, the state Department of Natural Resources (DNR), and Okanogan County commissioners.

The way the situation was handled didn’t sit well with Okanogan County Sheriff Frank Rogers, who said he felt wildlife agencies involved in the incident interfered with the sheriff’s responsibility to protect human safety. Representatives of several agencies involved met with Okanogan County commissioners recently to review the incident. The session lasted almost two hours and Commissioner Andy Hover said he plans another meeting on Sept. 10 with a goal of developing a policy to guide future responses to wildlife encounters.

Everyone involved in the incident acknowledged that the event was extremely rare. This is the first reported human/wolf interaction in Washington since the discovery 10 years ago of the Methow Valley’s Lookout Pack — the first pack confirmed in the state since the 1930s.

The Forest Service employee, who has not been identified at her request, was a seasonal worker conducting salmon research about 30 miles north of Winthrop, in an area that is part of the Loup Loup wolf pack territory. Wildlife officials who visited the area after the incident determined that she had approached a rendezvous site, where wolves keep pups until they are old enough to hunt.

Initial responses

The woman called her Forest Service supervisor at shortly after 12:30 p.m. on July 12 and said she had encountered wolves that had refused to leave despite her efforts to scare them away. She reported seeing wolf tracks and heard barking and yipping for some time before the wolves approached.

Her supervisor advised her to find a place where she felt safe, so she climbed a tree, according to FWS officials. The Forest Service contacted the Northeast Washington Interagency Communications Center, a dispatch facility for emergencies on public lands. The center located a DNR helicopter, which was ultimately dispatched to assist the woman.

Okanogan County dispatch also was notified, and Rogers said his office considered it a search and rescue mission. However, he said, in conversations about how to proceed before the helicopter was sent, wildlife agency officials told his office to “stand down” because it was a wildlife issue.

During the meeting with commissioners, Steve Brown, chief deputy for the sheriff’s office, said officials with WDFW told him “absolutely no rotors” because the helicopter could disturb the wolves, which are listed as an endangered species through Washington under state law, and under federal law in that portion of the state.

Donny Martorello, wolf policy lead for WDFW, said state and federal wildlife officials were initially trying to explain to the sheriff’s office that the wolves’ behavior was not aggressive, but defensive, and the woman’s best action would be to back away from the area. However, “when we realized it was a woman calling for help from a satellite phone” they “gave a green light to send a helicopter,” Martorello said.

Rogers said the debate over jurisdiction and appropriate response meant that the response to the woman’s call was delayed by at least 20 minutes. He said he was also frustrated that his deputies didn’t get to interview the woman after she was flown to Omak. “We’re trying to build a working relationship with everybody, and it creates issues when a situation like this happens,” he said.

Good outcome, bad process

“The outcome [of the incident] was good,” said Hover. “It was the initial process that was bad. I’ve seen transcripts of communications and the left hand doesn’t know what the right hand is doing.”

Brad Thompson, deputy state supervisor for FWS, apologized “on behalf of our program” and said “there is room for improvement on how Fish and Wildlife worked with the sheriff in the field. And there is room for improvement on educating people about the ‘newcomer’ [wolves] on the landscape,” Thompson said. “We don’t have enough experience with incidences of public safety and wolves.”

Hover said last week that he has been in touch with Thompson about developing policies and protocols to guide any future incidents involving wildlife, especially those protected under state law or under the federal Endangered Species Act (ESA).

“I think the federal ESA listings, when you get people on the ground, they get nervous when they try to make a decision,” Hover said. “The people on the ground have to have a clear policy from up above that says human life is more important than a federally listed species.”

Hover said wolves are relatively new to Washington and many people, even those experienced in the outdoors, don’t expect to encounter them and don’t know how to respond. “Now we have a species that is a pack animal and very territorial when it has pups,” he said. “People are not familiar with wolves. We need more information.”

Matt Reidy, ranger of the Tonasket Ranger District, where the incident occurred, said his district is in contact with WDFW and FWS about wolves and other wildlife on Forest Service lands. Two wolves in the Loup Loup pack are collared, and WDFW is able to collect data on their locations, which it shares with the district, Reidy said.

He said the district would have informed the woman conducting research that “there may be wolves in that location where you are working” if she had checked at the ranger district before heading into the field, but she did not. “Not that it’s a danger, just for general awareness,” Reidy said.

Normally people heading into the field for work, research or volunteer activities like trail maintenance check in to ask about hazards like washouts or blowdowns, Reidy said. “Unfortunately, this employee didn’t do that, she just went out into the woods and was doing her job. Since then I’ve had a conversation with her supervisor and that protocol has changed,” he said. The woman lives in another state, Reidy said.

Reidy said his district is preparing new brochures for the public that describe how to behave during encounters with bears, cougars and wolves. “Anybody traveling to the national forests should have a general awareness. We’re at the point where Idaho and Montana were 10 years ago. The general public has always had the opportunity to potentially see black bears and mountain lions, now they have the opportunity to potentially see a wolf.”

Hover said representatives of wildlife and law enforcement agencies will be invited to participate in further discussion of policies and coordination for future wildlife incidents on Sept. 10 at 1:30 p.m. as part of the county commissioners’ regular meeting.

Bison attack man who jumped fence in restricted area at Land Between the Lakes park

LINKEDINCOMMENTMORE

CLARKSVILLE, Tenn. — A man was injured by bisonat Land Between the Lakes National Recreation Area after climbing a fence inside a restricted area.

It happened July 4 at the South Bison Range in the park located on the Kentucky-Tennessee border, authorities say.

“He climbed the fence and walked over to a group of bison, a pretty large group,” of seven or eight, said Land Between the Lakes spokesman Chris Joyner. “According to a witness, it appeared he was going to touch one. He got to within 5 to 10 feet and at least one charged him.”

Staff and passers-by helped the man after he made it back to the fence and collapse. A bystander broke the gate to get him out, and they began giving him first aid until help could arrive.

More: Pride of lions eat suspected ‘rhino poachers’ on South African game reserve

The 37-year-old man was treated by Stewart County Emergency Medical Services and transported by helicopter to Vanderbilt University Medical Center in Nashville where he was in stable condition Friday. His name was not released, Joyner said.

“We continue to stress to the public that bison and elk are wild animals,” said Curtis Fowler, wildlife technician at Land Between the Lakes. “Bison will aggressively protect their calves by confronting any perceived threat.Their sharp horns and hooves are unforgiving, and they can react surprisingly fast.”

There are two bison enclosures at Land Between the Lakes.The South Bison Range offers limited viewing from the Woodlands Trace National Scenic Byway.The Elk and Bison Prairie offers an opportunity to drive through and observe animals in their native habitat from the safety of their vehicle.